BA in Interior Architecture
“Space and Light and Order. These are the things people need so much, as much as they need bread and a place to sleep”
The contemporary view of design, especially for Interior Architecture, has to do with a complex application which balances and combines both science and art. It is a creative procedure where research and data analysis is used in an aesthetic intervention, specializing and going deeper into the small scale, so as to complete the architectural synthesis. All of the above are characterized by a man-centered theorem aiming to satisfy the needs of the user, both physical and spiritual.
The Interior Designer has high level aesthetics and culture, design ability, knowledge of the properties of lighting, materials and their applications, ability to analyse the operation and composition of interior space.
Business areas, residences, recreation areas of any type, entertainment centers, exhibition areas and kiosks, shop windows, views and interiors of stores, canopies, projection stands and event stage sets, are only a few of the many employment possibilities an Interior Designer may have. He may also work as a freelancer, executive of Architectural studies offices, in interior design companies, furniture and decorative materials companies, in architectural lighting studies, even as an advisor for the promotion and marketing of companies in the area of Design.
Following a personal interview and portfolio demonstration, from previous academic experience, should the work cover a broad spectrum of the Interior Architecture syllabus, a student may be admitted to an advanced semester or year of studies and complete his/her studies through the Middlesex University programmes.
*This programme is quality assured by Middlesex University and you will receive a Middlesex award on successful completion.
This is a three year programme leading to a Bachelor of Arts Honours degree by Middlesex University. An Intensive Foundation Course may be required to enable you to enroll for the programme.
The Programme views the two functions-architecture and design-in close dialogue, interrelated and deriving one from the other.
The course aims to prepare professionals of a high standard and competency to deal with issues of Interior Architecture and design in an original and critical manner. It will enable you to observe, identify and solve problems, make critical and reflective judgements, develop rational and analytical skills, and an ability to generate alternatives.
You will engage with appropriate related theories within global, historical, contemporary and cultural settings and develop your own critical disposition in relation to Interior Architecture. The programme combines the conceptual, theoretical and the practical and enhances your experiential, activity and enquiry-based learning. Ultimately, you will be able to contribute to both the cultural development and the economic well-being of the individual and of society.
The Programme aims to provide you with solid knowledge of the principles and historical developments of the architectural discipline, construction methods and techniques, materials for both small and large scale constructions, contextual awareness but also an awareness of the design discipline, its methods and other specializations. It will also equip you with a broad range of practical skills to enable you to serve in any sector of space design and/or construction and material industry at an international level as you will have knowledge and ability to contribute to the work of larger teams, collaborating with related disciplines.
It places great emphasis on the methodology of composition, substantiated with specific choices and manipulations and equips you with interdisciplinary knowledge for presentation and promotion, as such managing Design in a global manner. It will enhance your verbal and written communication skills, and your ability to present original solutions based on international practices. You will have a complete academic experience, as teaching methods are not exhausted within the boundaries of the class.
A range of transferable skills is incorporated into the programme, so as to assist you in achieving a successful career and constantly develop as artists and professionals. Independence of thought, originality of ideas and professionalism, are the key parameters that are enhanced through both the curriculum and the organized complementary activities that form the educational experience within the programme.
MODULE: INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE I
This module aims at introducing you to Interior Architecture and Design from both a theoretical and practical perspective. The module will develop your knowledge and understanding of the History and Theory of Architecture, Art and Design, the basic principles of composition and enable you to develop practical skills on relative software for 2D computer design. It will also introduce you to the concept of space.
- Introduction to Architecture, Art and Design with reference to History and Theory.
- Acquaintance with Architectural synthesis – The concept of space.
- Basic principles of aesthetics.
- Introduction to Computer aided 2D design – Relative software and its functions.
- Introduction to basic research methods.
MODULE: DESIGN INNOVATION I
This module aims at building on the theoretical and practical foundations so as to introduce you to design thinking for Product Design & Innovation. It will present the basic principles of industrial/product design and enable you to develop an innovative approach in design decisions. On a practical level, it will introduce you to the various materials and technologies and their characteristics and develop your 3D digital design skills through the use of relative software.
- Introduction to the Basic principles of Product design.
- Acquaintance with Design Thinking.
- Introduction to Technologies and Materials in Architecture and Design.
- Introduction to Computer aided 3D design – Relative software and its functions.
MODULE: DESIGN STUDIO
This module aims at developing your drawing skills through studio practice. It will introduce you to freehand drawing, perspective design, colour presentation, rendering, mixed media techniques, architectural and technical drawing, and three dimensional prototyping for researching and supporting your design projects. The main goal of this module is to place the foundations of your representational techniques, both 2D and 3D, which you will develop further in semesters to follow.
- Introduction to freehand drawing & rendering – Studio practice.
- Introduction to perspective design & colour presentation.
- Acquaintance mixed media techniques – Studio practice.
- Introduction to Architectural and technical drawing for space and objects – Studio practice.
- Introduction to three dimensional prototyping for design – Studio practice.
MODULE: INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE II
This module aims at further developing your composition skills, by building on the fundamental principles from “Interior Architecture I” (INA 111) and introduce you to the concept of “form finding”. You will examine various materials, their limitations, how to appropriately attribute Architectural works through the use of various means, and be able to finding the right balance amongst a multitude of designing parameters. The module will enable you to understand the concept of space, acquire further skills on perspective drawing and colour presentation and renderings with different techniques. You will also acquire basic skills in computer design to enable you to deal with two dimensional design problems.
- Basic principles of Architectural manipulations (volume and form).
- Architectural synthesis focusing on “residential buildings”.
- Relationships between closed/partly open/open space.
- Kinds of operations and relevant space, types and kinds of desired aesthetics.
- The concept of a third dimension in the transformation of space.
- Perspectives and Color Presentation – Views, sections, floor plans and renderings.
- Computer aided 2D design, CAD – The software and its functions.
- Layout and printing.
MODULE: INTERIOR DESIGN I
This module aims to introduce you to organizational processes concerning the setting up of professional and commercial spaces, by relating principles and methodologies of architectural space design, to specific functional needs, equipment and the element of identity which must characterize a commercial space. It will introduce you to the basic principles of composition in space and enable you to analyse the relation between aesthetic and decorative trends. It will familiarize you with the appropriate selection and use of materials. Finally, this module will introduce you to 3D modeling and will provide you with the appropriate knowledge and skills necessary in presenting your work with the use of digital means.
- Introduction to the key areas of the theory of Architecture – Composition.
- Interior Design & Aesthetics.
- Methodology of research development.
- Dynamic analysis of space with reference to professional and commercial spaces.
- Introduction to Elements of building construction – Technology & contemporary construction.
- Materials – Their properties and characteristics.
- 3D modeling & presentation.
MODULE: DESIGN THEORY I
This module aims at creating the theoretical foundations required in enabling you to develop a conceptual understanding of the Design process. It will provide you with knowledge on the history and theory of Architecture and Design and enable you to analyse main theoretical concerns, social and political elements of each decade until the Industrial Revolution.
- Key period in the history of Architecture with reference to the social, economical and political context of each period.
- The evolution of Design until the Industrial Revolution with reference to cultures of the past.
- The Design process.
MODULE: INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE III
This module aims to advance the knowledge and skills gained in year one of the programme and allow you to understand the relation between use and scale. It will enable you to analyse the meanings of “temporary” and “flexible” and develop judgment criteria, aiming at the full understanding of the synthetic process and space design in its social context and surrounding environment. The module also aims at advancing your perspective design and computer design skills along with your research methodologies so as to equip you in undertaking architectural projects.
- Concept and design strategies that different architectural movements have used through time.
- The use, people that will inhabit the given space, environment, history etc. of a given building.
- Space in relation to the human needs, environment, climate and space, direction and lighting.
- Identifying space through its use.
- Technology, materials, perspectives.
- Introduction to 3D drawing software and their functions – Applications.
- Collaboration of different design software for the production of a required result.
MODULE: INTERIOR DESIGN II
This module aims to further develop your abilities in completing a full study of commercial spaces, providing you with specialised knowledge on promotion, advertising and visual merchandising. It deals with the overall perception of professional space, developing and awareness of its cultural, social and psychological impact. It provides you with the opportunity to set and examine issues of branding and identity and how these can be addressed by Interior Design to encompass a comprehensive inner and outer transformation. The main goal of this module is to develop your creative thinking, with emphasis on the small scale, allowing you to “re-think direction”, by abolishing stereotypical images.
- Composition and design of professional spaces – Relation to identity and branding.
- Research, development, analysis and market research.
- Functionality and modern aesthetics.
- Heat & sound Insulation, lighting & shading.
- Small scale constructions.
- Construction materials and their development through time.
- 3D model-making & presentation.
- Managing the operations in studying space.
MODULE: DESIGN THEORY II
This module is a continuation of INA132 and aims at expanding your theoretical foundations on Architecture and Design. It will enable you to analyse main theoretical concerns, social and political elements of each decade from the Industrial Revolution until the 2nd World War and contextualize the evolution and development of Design. By drawing from the knowledge of the past, the module will ultimately enable you to deal with design problems from a more contextual perspective and enable you to recognize Architecture as a man-centered science.
- Theoretical and historical concerns with reference to the social, economical and political context.
- The various artistic movements and their cross-reference with Architecture.
- The evolution of Design from the Industrial Revolution until the 2nd World War.
- Introduction to the transformation of space: basic concepts and principles.
- Effective Design – Introduction to Ergonomics.
- Greek Architecture with reference to key designers and styles.
MODULE: INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE IV
This module is a continuation of INA 213 taught in the previous semester and aims at enabling you to apply the acquired knowledge in more complex conditions. In this module you will undertake real life Architectural projects and provide innovative, original solutions in complex problems. It gives you the opportunity for a more detailed analysis and evaluation of the cultural and economical context and develops further your professional abilities, teamwork and time management skills. It also goes deeper in the attribution of space and objects and allows you to experiment with perspective design and digital design technologies in various applications. The main goal of this module is to develop your professional qualities in supporting your design with reference to the required result and defend your design choices.
- Information from the natural environment and how it is applied in design.
- Design in the urban environment.
- Undertaking research, evaluating and presenting research data.
- Using research findings in developing a solution/proposal for a complex problem.
- 3D drawing software – Experimentation.
- Collaboration of different design software – Experimentation.
- Further application of and experimentation with Interior Architecture methods and techniques.
- Architectural Design in the micro scale.
MODULE: INTERIOR DESIGN III
This module is a continuation of INA 223 taught in the previous semester, and aims to build on the knowledge gained as well as enable you to practically apply such knowledge on complex real life projects related to Interior Design for commercial, professional and residential spaces through an interdisciplinary perspective. The module requires you to assess all aspects of cultural, social and psychological impact, relate public and private space and address marketing, legal and financial issues in Interior Design. It will also provide you with the opportunity to expand your technical skills and abilities and experiment with various materials and technologies, model making as well as present and defend your own work with professional adequacy.
- Synthesis and design of spaces – Connection to other disciplines.
- Relating public and private space.
- Undertaking research, adequate use of data and presentation of findings.
- Alternative solutions based on functionality.
- Concept development.
- Construction materials and methods – Experimentation.
- 3D model-making & presentation.
- Managing Interior Design projects.
- Interior Design in the micro scale.
MODULE: DESIGN THEORY III
This module is a continuation of INA233 taught in the previous semester, and aims at enabling you to use the historical and theoretical knowledge gained in your practical applications. It will enable build on the theoretical concerns, social and political elements and expand your knowledge from the 2nd World War until today. The module will ultimately enable you to deal with design as a man centered science and provide for solutions that satisfy human needs, with parallel critique on the affect of the general social, economical and political environment.
- Continuation on the theoretical and historical concerns with reference to the social, economical and political context.
- Continuation on the various artistic movements and their cross-reference with Architecture.
- Contemporary Design: from the 2nd World War until today.
- Transformation of space: practical applications of concepts and principles.
- Ergonomics: Analysis of various examples.
MODULE: INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH PROJECT
This module aims to enable you to apply your theoretical knowledge gained in previous years, undertake systematic, independent study, apply research, analytical comparative and evaluative skills in the field of Interior Architecture, and demonstrate a high level of professional practice. Its aim is to compile a written Research Project (8,000 words) of historical and theoretical content, related to your personal interests. As such, you will need to apply research methodology and use bibliographical references, internet data and rich visual material which will lead you to define your own conclusions. You are encouraged to cross reference this module with INA316 in semester 6, aiming to use the results of your research to inform, develop and undertake the Main Project.
- Research and evaluation of the research outcomes.
- Methodology and development of research.
- Substantiation of proposals.
- Development and editing of written text and book form.
- Presentation methodology.
- Compilation of Research project – Seminar.
MODULE: INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE V
The aim of this module is to employ all knowledge and skills acquired from previous years so as to present a holistic Interior Architecture proposal. Emphasis will be given on concept development as well as the interdisciplinary – interactive approaches employed to achieve the theoretical substantiation of your design.
- The meaning of holistic Design.
- Continuation on building construction & materials.
- Sociology in Design.
- Interactive reading of scale.
- Continuation on 3D modelling & presentation.
- Book layout for a main project.
MODULE: MAIN PROJECT
This module aims to provide you with the opportunity to demonstrate the level of your personal design growth, theoretical formation, as well as research, presentational and communicative skills defining a high level of professional practice. It aims at producing a comprehensive body of work that is exhibited and presented by you, consisting of one or a series of works. Supervised by a tutor you may choose any media or combination of media in order to represent aesthetically and conceptually your ideas and field of interests. You are expected to be committed, focused, and determined to pursue an in depth research and exploration of a visual and conceptual statement for this project, with creativity and inventiveness. You have the option to use the results of your research, undertaken in module INA315 in semester 5, to inform the Main Project.
- Methodology of research elaboration.
- Research and analysis of the appropriate media to be used.
- Strategies for developing ideas.
- Substantiation of the process leading to the final proposal.
- Experimentation on techniques.
- Originality of vision.
- Designing and managing an exhibition – Collaboration with peers.
In tertiary education, learning and teaching are distinguished for their gradually increasing attempts for self directed independent learning.
AKTO’s learning and teaching practices aim at developing autonomous personalities who can manage the knowledge produced. In a continuously changing professional environment, this educational commitment is of critical importance so as to secure students’ ability to remain competitive.
Art and Design studies at AKTO are based on a broad teaching and learning design. Amongst some of the teaching methods used are the following: Seminars focusing on the theory, lectures on relative topics, as well as workshops, presentations, educational excursions, competitions etc.
Teaching and Learning strategies are divided into three main categories:
Α. Projects – Seminars – Assignments – Lectures
In seminars and lectures students acquire access to notes, video projections and the required bibliography, in order to enable them to learn about all the different aspects of their discipline. Lectures contribute to absorbing basic knowledge, while seminars cultivate critical thinking and ability for multilateral communication. When necessary, extra lessons are also offered, in order to empower students’ learning.
The project briefs, which vary in number for each module and semester, include a detailed description of the requirements of a topic as well as the assessment criteria for the project.
Students’ progress is monitored through project assessment as well as various tests undertaken during seminars and lectures.
B. Additional teaching and learning methods
Knowledge and skills acquired during lectures, seminars and projects is enriched further through activities, such as visits to exhibitions, museums, factories, educational excursions, as well as participation in competitions, exhibitions of student works etc. These activities assist students in absorbing the basic concepts and experiencing their application in real life conditions.
AKTO has a long relation with the industry and the artistic community. This means that, throughout the course of their studies, they will have the opportunity to acquire updated information on important events and developments in their field.
C. Independent learning with the assistance of a supervisor
Supervisors are of vital importance to the entire programme of studies, especially during the final year leading to the Bachelor degree, during which regular meetings with a supervisor are the main teaching method used. The transition from a traditional form of learning to a more autonomous is in line with the general academic strategy of AKTO.